Apple is one by one moving its manufacturing plants from China to India, By now it has decided to move 1/5 of its whole manufacturing.
A series of to and fro meeting held between Apple’s senior executives and the concerned government officials, during the 23rd Bengaluru Tech Summit inauguration, Union IT and Communication Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said: “nine working units, along with the component makers, shifted from China to India“.
During the previous fiscal year, Apple sold phones worth some $1.5 billion in India, of which under $0.5 billion is privately made, and has a piece of the overall industry of some 2-3%. While Apple is a top speculator in the assembling area in China and created stock esteemed at $220 Bn in China in the monetary year 2018-19.
At the inauguration, Prime Minister Narendra Modi added to the same concern saying the pandemic has demonstrated the intensity of innovation and how flawlessly Indians have adjusted to it. He further added, “ Challenges bring out the best in people, perhaps it is relevant to India’s techies. When there is a demand in customers or deadlines, you would have noticed the best solution comes out.”
Apple’s dependency on China
China comes third, after the United States and Europe, in terms of the highest revenue-generating source for Apple. Alongside this, China also consists of a huge portion of Apple’s supply chain. However, the clashes between China and other nations amidst the pandemic gives way to this possibility of China hampering Apple’s production units in there.
But China’s economy is highly dependent on this supply chain to be able to sustain its exports and jobs. Thereby, both Apple and China are reaping benefits from each other through their economic relations.
China was responsible for sustaining 90% of the manufacturing plants and almost 48% of Apple’s part providers for circuit sheets, glass, chargers, links, batteries, and more were packed in China starting until 2019.
The US-China relations
However, when the U.S.- China trade war arose under the Trump administration a year ago, Apple started anticipating levying of taxes on its iPhones and MacBooks. After the pandemic struck China, it brought various limitations to Apple’s whole production network. Apple’s constructing agents and segment providers needed to close down their industrial facilities for quite a long time, bringing about a delay and a lack of Apple items around the globe. Apple took measures to amend its monetary rules, cautioning financial specialists that it wouldn’t have the option to meet its business gauges.
Eventually, Apple’s sellers sloped up their speculations outside of China, focusing on the lone other nation with a populace of more than 1 billion: India.
Apple’s ‘Make In India’ plans
In July 2020, Foxconn had brought forward its intentions of contributing more than $1 billion to extend its iPhone producing activities in India.
A couple of days after this declaration, Apple’s second-biggest agreement producer, Pegatron, enlisted a subsidiary in India. The Times of India made claims that an anonymous Apple seller was likely to add to $5 billion worth of iPhone trades by moving six production lines from China to India, which.
In another significant achievement, Wistron started amassing Apple’s most recent iPhone SE and began preliminary creation for the yet-to-dispatch iPhone 12 from August 2020.
The Indian government has loosened up various laws with regard to foreign-owned retail stores.
This provides Apple with an opportunity to sell its items straightforwardly to Indian customers instead of through third-party retailers. Following this change, Apple is likely to open its stores in the greatest metros across India by 2021.
China vs India
Wages are comparatively lower in India than in China. On the other hand, labor costs saw a rise between 2011-16 in China and climbed up by 30% by 2020.
For apparel businesses, taking their business outside China brings comparatively lesser complications. But important components are going to continue being imported from China.
However, the impact of the recent rifts between India and China became evident when iPhone production was hampered due to higher scrutinization of imports from China. Back in March, a higher rate of import duty led Apple to begin assembling the needed components in India itself.
Measures were taken by China
China is currently concentrating on building up and sustaining its share of consumers’ expenditure on the global scale by making investments in technology and climbing up the value chain.
Globally, China sustains more than one-third of the robot installations. In the past ten years, machine exports have risen by a significant number. Western MNCs chose China because of its high availability of skilled labor. Businesses are thriving outside China who is still dependent on various resources that are being provided by China.
The pandemic hit many such business houses with this hard realization of their dependency on China. It is going to cost a lot of time and a very hefty price to these business houses if they want to shift their working outside China.
Besides, over 70% of organizations reviewed by the American Chamber of Commerce in China in March 2020 said they have no designs to migrate their production, stockpile chains, or sourcing out of China because of the pandemic.